The Moscow Radio Symphony Orchestra was founded in 1930. Until the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the Orchestra was the official orchestra of the Soviet Radio.
Alexander Orlov became the Orchestra's first director in 1930 and is credited with developing a diverse and wide repertoire. From 1937 to the present, a series of outstanding directors have contributed to the Orchestra's distinctive artistic style and personality: Nikolay Golovanov from 1937 – 1953, Alexander Gauk from 1953 – 1961, and Gennady Rozhdestvensky from 1961 – 1974. In 1974, Vladimir Fedoseyev assumed leadership and turned the Orchestra into one of Russia's most widely acclaimed ensembles.
Over the years, a distinguished group of composers, guest conductors, and soloists have played an integral role in the development of the Moscow Radio Symphony Orchestra: Stokowski, Mravinsky, Cluytens, Sebastian, Abendrot, Feitelberg, Zecchi, and Sanderling are among the artists who have led the ensemble. Emil Gilels, Yury Bashmet, Victor Tretjakov, Gidon Kremer, Misha Maisky, Oleg Meisenberg, Lisa Leonskaja and more contemporary musicians (among them Maxim Vengerov, Vadim Repin, and Mikhail Pletnev) have supported the Orchestra from the very beginning of their career as musicians.
In 1993, the Orchestra was renamed by a decree of the Russian Ministry of Culture and became The Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra of Moscow Radio. Awarding the Orchestra the name of this great Russian composer was a token of recognition of its role in promoting much of the music written by Tchaikovsky.
The Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra of Moscow Radio traditionally participates in the legendary International Tchaikovsky Competition and also in the musical evenings, which take place in the museums of Peter Tchaikovsky in Klin and Votkinsk. The Orchestra has given premieres of the new works of such prominent composers as Shostakovich, Khachaturian, Miaskovsky, Prokofiev, Gliere, Sviridov, Boris Tchaikovsky and Gubaidulina. It has also premiered works of the best composers from the former Soviet Union, such as Taktakishvili, Toradze, Oganesyan, Melikov, Barkauskas, Tormis, and many more. Engagements abroad have included appearances in London, Tokyo, Paris, Milan, Munich, Frankfurt, Geneva, Stockholm, Rome, Oslo, Prague, and many other major cities of the world. The Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra is the only Russian orchestra consistently invited to open the concert season in the prestigious Golden Hall of the Musikverein in Vienna.
The Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra is a frequent participant in numerous festivals; Beethoven Festival in Bonn, Bruckner Festival in Linz, Mozart Festival in Salzburg, Menuhin Festival in Gstaad, Klang Bogen in Vienna, Rachmaninov Festivals in Los Angeles, Carinthian Summer in Villach, Millennium in Athens, Scriabin Festival in Graz, Festival of Modern Music in Paris, Festival of Prokofiev, Russian Modern Music in Germany, Jeunesse Festivals in Vienna, Grieg Festival in Bergen, as well as festivals in Hong Kong, Rome, Bregenz, Baden-Baden, Zurich, and Edinburgh.
In 1990, the Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra of Moscow Radio was the first Russian orchestra to perform at the Salzburg Festival in honor of the Festival's 70th anniversary.
For nearly 40 years, Vladimir Fedoseyev has led the Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra of Moscow Radio in the tradition of his predecessors. His interpretations are famous for their depth, artistic passion and great sensitivity for the national character of Russian music. Maestro Fedoseyev has created in the Orchestra a specific melodious emotional style that distinguishes it from others and has helped it to earn worldwide acclaim.
Vladimir Fedoseyev and the Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra have recorded extensively for a variety of labels including Ariola, JVC, Musica, Philips, Pony Canyon, Relief Records, and Sony Classical.
In 2014, the Orchestra arrived in Britain as leading ambassadors of the UK-Russia Year of Culture 2014, a project unprecedented in scale and scope, which was sponsored by the British Council and the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The Orchestra gave two performances; at Symphony Hall in Birmingham and at Royal Festival Hall in London.